- Sheep and goat Control Order
- Funding and support
- What happens if M. ovi is detected in my sheep or goat?
- Past updates and reports
Sheep and goat Control Order
The sheep and goat Control Order applies to domestic sheep and goat owners in the Yukon. The order is designed to reduce the risk of respiratory pathogens, mainly Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (M. ovi), spreading to wild sheep and goat populations.
The order came into effect on January 1, 2020.
It remains in place until December 31, 2024.
Control Order requirements
These conditions apply if you're purchasing, own or keep 1 or more domestic sheep or goats as a pet or livestock.
Your sheep and goats must:
- be kept in an enclosure that meets the requirements and is approved by an inspector;
- have permanent identification such as an ear tag or microchip;
- be tested for respiratory disease, mainly M. ovi; and
- be kept below 1,000 metres elevation.
- keep up-to-date records for every individual sheep and goat;
- report any escaped sheep or goats or contact between domestic and wild species from their enclosure or while being transported; and
- apply for and obtain a permit if you want to import sheep or goats into Yukon.
You are in violation of the Control Order if you:
- have not contacted us and own sheep or goats;
- are not actively working towards compliance; or
- are not continuing to follow the conditions of the Control Order (such as maintaining your fencing or allowing your animals to be tested).
Violating the Control Order is an offence under the Animal Health Act. If you are convicted, you may face:
- a fine;
- imprisonment; or
- both a fine and imprisonment.
Additionally, if you're convicted, you may be prohibited from owning or having custody or control of animals in the future.
Important updates and reminders
- The Government of Yukon released a Report on the findings from Year 3 of the Control Order and a 2-year report on findings from March 2019 to February 2021.
- We base the frequency of testing at individual farms on an annual risk assessment.
- Animals that swab negative for M. ovi are not considered “disease free.” The M. ovi bacteria can survive within sheep or goats undetected. This is why you must repeat tests.
- We continue to provide farm visits for sample collection and laboratory testing of samples at no cost to you.
- If you're considering importing domestic sheep or goats, please schedule an appointment to speak with the Agriculture Branch and Animal Health Unit early in the planning process to review import requirements and pre-testing options.
- You do not need a permit to move, purchase or sell domestic sheep and goats within the Yukon. If you move animals onto your farm:
- carefully consider the risk to your herd or flock;
- remember to update your records after the sale or purchase;
- document the date and source of any animals visiting your farm (for example, for breeding purposes); and
- practise rigorous biosecurity.
- Consider lower-risk ways of bringing new genetics into your herd or flock. Artificial insemination is a safe and unrestricted way to expand genetic diversity without the risk of introducing M. ovi or other pathogens.
Funding and support
What happens if M. ovi is detected in my sheep or goat?
If a domestic sheep or goat in the Yukon tests positive for M. ovi:
- that animal is considered a carrier of a respiratory hazard; and
- will be ordered to be destroyed, typically by slaughter.
If an owner has complied with the Control Order, they are eligible for financial compensation for any animals that are ordered to be destroyed.
The presence of M. ovi does not affect the safety of the meat. The owner may retain all products from slaughtered animals.
Past updates and reports
For questions about sheep or goats in the Yukon, the Control Order, and its requirements, email or call the Animal Health Unit or the Agriculture Branch.
For the Animal Health Unit, email email@example.com or phone: 867-667-5600 or toll free in the Yukon: 1-800-661-0408, ext. 5600.
For the Agriculture Branch, email firstname.lastname@example.org or phone: 867-667-5838 or toll free in the Yukon: 1-800-661-0408 and ask to be transferred.