Family structure in the Yukon is changing, as it is across Canada. The stereotypical 2-parent family now exists alongside:
- larger extended families;
- single-parent families; and
- blended families.
Statistics Canada data shows the number of married couples in the Yukon is dropping. At the same time, the number of common-law couples is increasing.
The number of single-parent families led by men in the Yukon has increased in the past few decades. Still, women lead most single-parent families.
Data shows that women are more likely to be the primary caregiver for their children. The number of women and men who care for other family members like aging parents or extended family is almost equal. Yet, women tend to spend more hours on providing care than men do. Women are also more likely than men to be unemployed or work fewer hours due to family responsibilities. For more information, look at the economic equality theme.
To address the inequality between women and men, we need access to affordable child care. It gives all caregivers the chance to:
- work towards their education and career goals;
- engage in community; and
- take part in recreation activities.
Changing caregiving trends
Data shows more men are taking parental leave or becoming stay-at-home caregivers. Still, women in the Yukon make up the majority of those on parental leave.
The COVID-19 pandemic created many challenges for caregivers due to:
- school exposures and closures;
- signs of illness in children;
- online schooling;
- cancelled extracurricular activities;
- financial hardship due to missed work; and
- increased stress and impacts to mental health.
What are the indicators?
The following indicators tell us about gender, child care and parenting in the Yukon.
Distribution of Census family structure in the Yukon
Gender of lone-parent family leaders in the Yukon
Number of parental employment insurance (EI) beneficiaries in the Yukon by gender