Gender-based violence in the territories
All genders experience violence. But gender-based violence varies depending on:
- who committed the violence;
- where the violence took place;
- what type of violence it was; and
- the severity of violence and its consequences.
People who identify with more than 1 group experience higher rates of violence. For example, an 2SLGBTQIA+ woman with a disability is more likely to be victimized.
A woman is more likely to be a victim of violence in a private home. A man is more likely to experience violence on the street or in a public space. Most victims of sexualized and physical violence do not report it to the police.
Over 50% of the residents in the territories have experienced violence since the age of 15. Some groups are more likely to experience violence, including:
- Indigenous people;
- lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, 2-spirit plus (2SLGBTQIA+) people;
- youth aged 15 to 24; and
- people with disabilities.
Who experiences violence?
- Women are 3 times more likely than men to have been victims of sexual assault.
- Men are more likely to experience physical violence.
- Indigenous women are 3 times more likely than their non-Indigenous counterparts to experience violence.
- Rates of violence against women with disabilities are 3 times higher. These women experience sexualized assault at a rate over 4 times higher than women who do not have a disability.
Yukon has the highest number of people who have been victims of sexualized and physical violence in the territories.
Violence against 2SLGBTQIA+ people
2SLGBTQIA+ Canadians experience high rates of sexualized and physical violence. These are higher than people who do not identify as 2SLGBTQIA+. People who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual are:
- twice as likely to experience sexualized assault;
- 1½ times more likely to experience a physical assault;
- more likely to be injured because of an assault; and
- less likely to report a violent assault to the police than heterosexual people.
Transgender Canadians experience higher rates of sexualized assault than cisgender Canadians. (A person whose gender identity matches the sex assigned to them at birth is cisgender.)
Violence against Indigenous women
Indigenous women and girls in Canada face greater risks of violence and homicide. The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG) released their final report on June 3, 2019, detailing 231 calls for justice. These calls for justice are:
- targeted at Canadians, governments, institutions, social service providers, and industries; and
- aimed at improving the quality of life of Indigenous women, girls, and 2-spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex and asexual people.
In December 2020, the Yukon Advisory Committee on Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women, Girls and 2-spirit plus People (MMIWG2S+) released a strategy in response to the final report of the National Inquiry into MMIWG. The declaration was signed by all orders of government and the RCMP in the Yukon
Gender, Indigenous identity and the justice system
Indigenous Canadians make up a large number of federal inmates. In recent years, there's been an increase in the number of Indigenous women admitted to custody. In the Yukon, men make up the vast majority of inmates and over ½ are Indigenous.
There are many social and historical factors that contribute to this disparity including:
- the history of colonialism and displacement of Indigenous peoples in Canada;
- the residential school system and abuse; and
- systemic discrimination based on race and culture.
These factors continue to impact Indigenous people in Canada in ways such as:
- levels of education;
- income and unemployment;
- substance use;
- violence; and
- experiences of trauma.
What are the indicators?
The following indicators tell us about gender, violence and safety in the Yukon.
Criminal code offence charges in the Yukon's adult criminal courts
Criminal code offence charges in the Yukon's youth criminal courts by gender
Sexual assault incidents cleared by charge in the Yukon
Court decisions in sexual assault offences in the Yukon
Reported intimate partner violence in the Yukon and Canada
Female homicide victims in the Yukon
Rate of female homicide by Indigenous identity
Students in the Yukon who feel taken advantage of
Students' bullying experiences in the Yukon – jokes, comments