Who works where?
Across Canada, there's an unequal distribution of genders in some industries and jobs. This is also known as gender segregation. This segregation is especially true for people who do not have university degrees.
Women are more likely than men to work in the fields of:
- health care; and
- public administration.
People working in historically female-dominated jobs are often paid less than if they worked in a male-dominated job.
The Yukon’s gender wage gap
The wage gap between men and women in the Yukon has narrowed faster than the rest of Canada. According to Statistics Canada, women in the Yukon earned 1% an hour less than men. Still, women in the Yukon earn less than men, both in hourly wages and total income.
Part-time work is 1 of many factors contributing to the gender wage gap. Women in the Yukon are more likely than men to work part-time or in some other non-standard arrangement. Women work part-time for many reasons, including they're:
- going to school;
- caring for children;
- unable to find a full-time job; or
- prefer to work fewer hours.
Differences in earnings
Research shows that earnings are affected by many identity factors, including:
- gender identity;
- sexual orientation; and
Canadian women with children earn less than women without children. Single-parent families led by women also earn less than single-parent families led by men. Women are also promoted at lower rates due to time off for family responsibilities.
Today, Indigenous women in the Yukon earn more on average than Indigenous men. The participation of Indigenous women in post-secondary education is also increasing.
What are the indicators?
The following indicators tell us about gender, economic equality and employment in the Yukon.
Employment insurance (EI) beneficiaries in the Yukon, by gender
Hourly wage by gender
Full-time and part-time employment
Hourly wages of full-time employees
Hourly wages of part-time employees
Labour force participation rate in Yukon by gender
Labour force participation by occupation and gender
Median RRSP contributions in the Yukon by gender
Median total income by gender
Median total income by family type
Persons with income under $20,000 by gender
Persons with income over $100,000 by gender
Government of Yukon job types by gender