- Common name: Hoary Marmot
- Scientific name: Marmota caligata
- Order: Rodentia
- Family: Sciuridae
Also known as
- Head for a hike to the alpine to look for marmots. Listen for their call to narrow down your search. It's a loud, long, steady whistle.
- Marmots are not too shy of humans, so you can sit and watch them feed or sun bathe for quite a while.
- Marmots enjoy the warmth of sun, so you’ll increase your chances of seeing one if you’re hiking on a sunny day.
- Roads that cross alpine regions, such as the Top of the World, Dempster, and Haines highways provide a reasonable chance for a sighting.
- The best access to excellent marmot viewing is on Keno Hill.
- Keep your dog on a leash when hiking through marmot habitat! Marmots are not shy and not fast and can easily fall victim to dogs.
- Research in Tombstone Territorial Park demonstrated that at distances less than 150 m alpine hikers caused significant changes in the behaviour of Hoary Marmots, with them feeding less and hiding in their burrows more. Hikers are advised to keep at least 150 m away from marmots when possible.
- Appears to be a large, bulky ground squirrel.
- Grizzled grey fur with black or brown splotches.
- Medium sized fluffy tail.
- Length: 0.5 m
- Weight: 5 kg
- Lifespan: 8 to 12 years
- Predators: Golden Eagle, foxes, Wolverine, bears, wolves, Coyotes
- Habitat: Alpine
- Yukon: S4 (Apparently Secure)
- Global: G5 (Secure)
Hoary Marmots are only active for 4 months of the year and hibernate from September to April. They are social animals, living in small family groups known as colonies as large as 11 members. Summer life consists of mostly feeding, raising young, basking in the sun, watching for predators and playing.
Most grasses and sedges, as well as leaves and flowers.
Sights and sounds
Marmots and people
- Marmots were only occasionally hunted by First Nations of Yukon and Alaska.
- Today Hoary Marmots are protected from hunting in Yukon, except by First Nations people.